Vassilios Damiras Ph.D.

International Relations Expert

In the half of the twentieth century since the Second World War, several waves of democratization have occurred. At the end of the century, all the European continent, various countries of the African continent, the Central and Latin America, and parts of Asia experienced a new era of democratization.

Such a rosy depiction, nonetheless, must be analyzed and explained by the internal socio-political challenges these democracies face their behavior toward each other. In some historical case studies, the democratic
transition/consolidation phases have provoked serious crises, characterized by deterioration of civil liberties and political rights, and by press censorship, as for example happened under the Boris Yeltsin and Vladimir Putin administrations in Russia, and in some nation-states of Central and Latin America.

Therefore, as democratization expands across the globe, democratic institutions are fraught with the very problems they aim to resolve and eradicate. This research paper presents the complexities of democratization, and will argue that in some cases, the transition to democracy causes newly democratizing nation-states to behave in an aggressive manner toward one another.

The study of regime change from authoritarianism to democracy has dominated the fields of history and international relations in the past two decades, but primarily from the 1990s forward.

It emerged some years ago as an outgrowth of comparative politics and political sociology. Since then, it has generated associated schools of thinking such as constructivism, structure-agent theory, rationalist theory, and critical theory, whose proponents have engaged in a scholarly battle over the socio-political conditions in which new democracies developed.



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